RSSAll Entries in the "Scientific Focus" Category

Water on Earth predates the solar system, and even the sun

On September 26, 2014, Deborah Netburn of The Los Angeles Times reported that new research shows that water on Earth may predate both the sun and the solar system. To learn more, click here.

Circumcision Does Cut HIV Risk in Africa

On July 21, 2014, The Daily Beast reported new research which suggests that the notion that increase circumcision in males could possibly encourage sexual risk practices is flawed. Though studies have shown reduction of contracting HIV by as much as 60 percent, there was a sense of fear by some that it could possibly give the wrong […]

Winter 2013-14 JSNMA is here!!! -  Humanism in Medicine edition

Winter 2013-14 JSNMA is here!!! – Humanism in Medicine edition

Season’s Greetings and Happy New Year! There is much to celebrate and reflect on for this season: being thankful, being generous, celebrating family traditions, and embracing the new year. This season is also an opportunity to reflect on what it means to have humanism in medicine. William Osler stated: “Let us know what kinds of people have a […]

HPV Vaccines May Be Less Effective for Black Women: Study

HPV Vaccines May Be Less Effective for Black Women: Study

Black women may get less protection than whites from the vaccines recommended for preventing human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes cervical cancer, a new study suggests. The currently available vaccines, Gardasil and Cervarix, don’t target the types of HPV infection found most often in black women, the study authors said. Experts have long believed that most […]

UM researchers take new view in understanding metastatic breast cancer

UM researchers take new view in understanding metastatic breast cancer

Breast cancer kills when rogue tumor cells spread through the bloodstream, squeezing through microscopic gaps to inundate organs until they fail. But what if that spread could be prevented, the cells left free-floating to be crushed in capillaries or to self-destruct instead? A team of researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine, joined by entrepreneurs and […]

To Halt AIDS, Stop Brief Risk Counseling and Concentrate on Testing, National Study Finds

To Halt AIDS, Stop Brief Risk Counseling and Concentrate on Testing, National Study Finds

For decades, people seeking an HIV test have been counseled on realistic and achievable steps they could take to avoid infection. But a national study led by Miller School investigators has determined that, given the rapid HIV tests available today, the resources devoted to pre-test counseling would be better spent on universal testing that could detect more HIV cases earlier, and […]

After Breast Cancer Surgery, Patient Assistance Programs Can Help

After Breast Cancer Surgery, Patient Assistance Programs Can Help

Patient assistance programs make it more likely that breast cancer patients will get additional treatments after they have surgery, and receive other kinds of support, a new study finds. These recommended additional — or “adjuvant” — therapies include radiation, chemotherapy and hormonal treatments. “Doctors have been frustrated by data showing that perhaps as many as […]

Bird flu vaccine developed by Chinese researchers

Bird flu vaccine developed by Chinese researchers

Chinese researchers have developed a vaccine for a deadly strain of the bird flu virus in anticipation of a potential epidemic in the coming winter months, state news agency Xinhua reported Saturday. Shu Yuelong, director of the Chinese National Influenza Center, said that a vaccine passed tests on ferrets and has been approved for human […]

HIV cure dealt a setback

HIV cure dealt a setback

The search-and-destroy mission against the HIV virus just got much more complicated. New research suggests that HIV’s genetic program is far more abundant in certain dormant T-cells of infected patients and is potentially more capable of unleashing its deadly instructions than previously thought. The reservoir of human immune cells hosting that code, or provirus, could […]

Baby 'cured' of HIV: New details offer hope for other patients

Baby ‘cured’ of HIV: New details offer hope for other patients

New details about the first person to be cured of HIV through drug therapy alone offer hope that others who are born with the virus may be able to beat it back and avoid a lifetime of treatment, researchers reported Wednesday. The formerly HIV-positive Mississippi girl drew widespread interest in March when doctors presented her case in […]