There has long been an awareness of the role of prevention in improving health and health care in our country. In fact, many of the leading causes of death in this country are due to preventable diseases. Thus, it is important for the field of medicine to be a part of the prevention as well as the treatment of disease. Accordingly, The American Board of Preventive Medicine (ABPM), established in 1948, works to certify qualified physicians with specific knowledge of preventive medicine and to enhance standards of practice within preventive medicine. Though preventive medicine seems somewhat self-explanatory in its title, the depth and variety of clinical practice within the field merits further elucidation.
Tobacco and alcoholic beverage companies are well recognized for their ability to use mass media to promote the consumption of their products. The successful campaigns of these companies exemplify how a marketing tool such as mass media can convincingly encourage consumers to purchase a certain product.
If you are like most pre-medical students, you may not have decided upon the specialty area that you plan to pursue. As you explore your options, be sure to consider preventive medicine as a career choice. A career in preventive medicine may provide you with an opportunity to work in a variety of areas including: public health, research, public policy and the military.
The 19th Annual World Organization of National Colleges, Academies and Academic Associations of General Practitioners/Family Physicians (WONCA) World Conference was held May 19th – 23rd, 2010 in Cancun, Mexico. This meeting brought together the brightest and best minds from around the country focused on a common goal of improving the health of our world. This meeting was an opportunity for many to share ideas, research, learn and to develop new paradigms as we forge ahead in the new millennium, to ensure primary care remains at the forefront of health care.
No two patients are the same. As a result, health care professionals attempt to place patients in discrete categories as a way of reducing variability during the provision of care. These categories can be based on one or more variables, including age, sex and race. While the tendency to categorize patients is useful in customizing the most appropriate care, it can also be discriminatory, especially if patients are grouped inaccurately or if certain groups acquire preferential outcomes.
Since 1900, the percentage of Americans aged 65 years and older has tripled, largely due to advancements in technology and lifestyle changes. These statistics are important when considering the future of health and health care in the United States. As such, every effort should be made to continue identifying disparities in health and health care and effective methods to eliminate them. It has become ever more important to not only research and effectively address health disparities prevalent in the elderly population, but also to train the next generation of health care providers to care specifically for this particular demographic.
Providing care for patients more often than not requires treating more than the medical problem. Many medical schools now teach using a bio-psycho-social model, recognizing how one aspect can influence the other. The spiritual component can be seen as a subset of the model or perhaps a separate dimension on its own. Spirituality does not equate to religion. The former is more individualized and can even be at odds with one’s religion or lack thereof.
The history of race and medicine is a deep and complex trail of deception, misperception, social struggles and exploitation. In particular, the history of Blacks and the institution of medicine provide several examples of how scientists and health professionals used medicine and science to promote theories concerning the inferiority of blacks. From pluralist theories of different origins for different races, to the development of diseases specific to one race, racial biology has formed a deep seated question of whether there are true anatomical and physiological differences among mankind. From the early 18th to mid-19th century, several theories were employed to support the belief that blacks were an inferior race. Decades later, the works of two black, male scholars added to the growing thoughts concerning racial health and hierarchy. The association between the theories proposed under black, male scholarship can be linked to efforts to eliminate the use of racial and physiological differences to promote discriminatory practices.
Her blond hair is damp with steam as she lounges lasciviously across the bench in the sauna. Her body is long, tan, and lean and she strategically places her arm over her breasts. There are blurred spots covering other intimate areas. I am not describing a scene from a Cinemax replay of Red Shoe Diaries. Rather Britney Spears’ music video for “Womanizer.” Some argue that this music video highlighting a newly toned and sexually revived Britney, has brought her hemorrhaging career from the brink. From the scene in which she is a waitress that does a seductive dance, to her straddling the accused womanizer on top of a countertop in the restaurant’s kitchen. There is only one word to describe the video: sexy. This highlights a longstanding fact that all of us whom have been subjected to advertising have known for quite some time: Sex sells. But at what costs?
If you have ever roamed the halls of the labor and delivery suites of your school’s hospital, it is not hard to notice how young the mothers seem to be. If you were to go a step further and examine the histories of these birthing mothers, you would learn that it is not unusual to find the average age of your patients between 17 and 19 years of age. Many of these girls are having their second or third child and the father may or may not be involved. At the end of the day, you may wonder how so many teens are going through the acts of childbirth before ever crossing the stage to accept their high school or college diplomas. Research now shows us that in the United States, nearly half of high school students have reported being sexually active, with the highest rates among black males at 74.6%. The average age of first sexual intercourse continues to decline with each generation with nearly 15% of adolescents having greater than four partners by the age of 19.